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Cheng, Yu-Tong, Patricia Sauri Lavieri, and Sebastian Astroza. 2022. “How Did the COVID-19 Pandemic Impact the Location and Duration of Work Activities? A Latent Class Time-Use Study.” Findings, May. https://doi.org/10.32866/001c.35621.
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  • Figure 1. ROC curve and AUC.
  • Table 1. Results of the outside-good latent-class multiple discrete-continuous extreme value model (LC-MDCEV).
  • Table 2. Average treatment effects on time allocation (based on the probability-weighted fitted value).
  • Table A1. Sample distribution of the outcome variable and the COVID-19 incidence variable.
  • Table A2. Sample description of exogenous variables.


We investigate the variation in location and time allocated to work during the COVID-19 pandemic. Data from the American Time Use Survey (2019-2020) was modeled using a latent-class multiple discrete-continuous model. Two main segments of individuals who suffered different impacts from the pandemic on their work arrangements were identified. Men, young adults, and less educated individuals with lower-mid-income were often unable to transfer work into a residential setting, showing a reduction in work opportunities. Women, middle-aged, highly educated, and high-income individuals were prone to an increase in total hours worked when substituting out-of-home work with at-home work, showing productivity loss.

Accepted: May 11, 2022 AEST