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Shi, Xiao, Mary Richards, Anne Vernez Moudon, Brian H.Y. Lee, Qing Shen, and Xuegang Ban. 2022. “Changes in Perceived Work-from-Home Productivity during the Pandemic: Findings from Two Waves of a Covid-19 Mobility Survey.” Findings, February. https://doi.org/10.32866/001c.32556.
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  • Table 1. Characteristics of survey respondents who shifted from working away to WFH: their SES, pre-pandemic commute trip mode and duration, mental wellbeing status, and lifestyle changes since Covid-19 (N=2,678).
  • Table 2. Association between reported productivity, SES, pre-pandemic commute trip mode and duration, lifestyle changes, and mental wellbeing (N=2,287).
  • Table 3. Simple Main Effect for Productivity Change Overtime by Income.
  • Figure 1. Modeled differences in the effect of income between the spring and fall survey.
  • Table A1.
  • Table A2. Distribution of Household Income by Living Arrangement.

Abstract

A two-wave survey of workers in Seattle revealed an increase in self-reported work productivity over time for those who shifted to work from home (WFH) since the outbreak of Covid-19. Teleworkers with higher household income adapted better and were more likely to report an increase in productivity as they continued WFH. While those living with friends and relatives were more likely to report a decrease in productivity as they telework for longer. Commute trip reduction programs might encourage the portion of the population with such characteristics to continue WFH after the pandemic subsides and provide support to those with fewer recourses to telework productively if they choose to.

Accepted: February 10, 2022 AEST

Appendix

Table A1.
Model 4
Domains Predictors OR p
Temporal Effect Spring 2020 Reference  
Fall 2020 1.25 0.231
     
SES Age
- 18 to 29 0.51 <0.001
- 30 and above Reference
Employment
- Professional/business Reference
- Education/research 0.51 <0.001
- Others 0.72 0.085
Education
- High school/Associate degree 1.43 0.009
- Bachelor’s degree 1.36 0.001
- Graduate and above Reference
- Other 2.61 0.054
Household income
- Below $150,000 Reference
- Above $150,000 1.05 0.663
- Above $150,000 * Fall 2020 1.72 0.015
Living arrangement
- Partner Reference
- Live alone 0.97 0.825
- Friends and relatives 1.15 0.343
- Children 0.65 <0.001
- Other 0.87 0.626
- Live alone * Fall 2020 0.98 0.953
- Friends and relatives * Fall 2020 0.62 0.152
- Children * Fall 2020 1.17 0.513
- Other * Fall 2020 0.31 0.098
Lifestyle Changes Sleep quality and quantity 1.10 0.018
Time on social media 0.85 0.001
Time on personal hobby 1.10 0.028
Pre-pandemic Commute
Trip Duration
Walking 0.86 0.015
SOV 1.24 <0.001
Mental Wellbeing Depression measure 0.82 <0.001

Note: Model 4 - Household income*Fall 2020 + Living arrangement*Fall 2020.

Table A2. Distribution of Household Income by Living Arrangement.
Living Arrangement partner live alone roommates, friends, relatives children other
Household Income  
Below $150,000 632 (58%) 350 (91%) 300 (79%) 354 (47%) 41 (62%)
Above $150,000 437 (40%) 29 (8%) 54 (14%) 387 (51%) 22 (33%)
Missing 25 (2%) 7 (2%) 24 (6%) 13 (2%) 3 (5%)
Correlation 0.34 (p<0.001)