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Capasso da Silva, Denise, Sara Khoeini, Deborah Salon, Matthew W. Conway, Rishabh S. Chauhan, Ram M. Pendyala, Ali Shamshiripour, et al. 2021. “How Are Attitudes Toward COVID-19 Associated with Traveler Behavior During the Pandemic?” Findings, June. https://doi.org/10.32866/001c.24389.
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  • Figure 1. Factor Loadings from Exploratory Factor Analysis (Minimum Residual Method with Varimax Rotation)
  • Figure 2. Cluster Membership by Factor Score and Weighted Sample of Each Cluster
  • Table 1. Demographic Characteristics of Attitudinal Clusters (Weighted)
  • Table 2. Pandemic-era Behavioral Characteristics of Different Attitudinal Clusters (Weighted)
  • Table 3. Ordered Probit Models of the Relationship Between Attitudes and Travel Behavior During the Pandemic
  • Table 4. Standard Errors Associated with the Proportions Shown in Table 1
  • Table 5. Standard Errors Associated with the Proportions Shown in Table 2


This article uses data from the first wave of the COVID Future Panel study to evaluate attitudes towards COVID-19 and their influence on traveler behaviors. An exploratory factor analysis identified two underlying constructs based on the measured attitudes, namely “Concern about Pandemic Response” and “COVID Health Concern.” A cluster analysis based on the factor scores yielded four groups with distinct attitudes. Those primarily concerned about the pandemic response traveled the most using private vehicles, while those equally concerned about the response to the pandemic and the health effects of COVID-19 were found to use personal bicycles and transit the most.

Accepted: May 25, 2021 AEST